Introduction to tableware selection

2022-07-22
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There are many kinds of tableware in the market. Are you worried about how to choose high-quality tableware? At present, tableware materials on the market can be roughly divided into: ceramic products, bone china products, reinforced glazed porcelain, reinforced porcelain, white porcelain, crystal, glass, etc. Tableware category ● ceramic products are mainly made of clay, with brown or gray color, thick and loose texture, easy to damage, but rich in history and culture. Main products: Chinese and Japanese teapots or tea sets; Suitable for

there are a wide range of tableware in the market. Are you worried about how to choose high-quality tableware? At present, tableware materials on the market can be roughly divided into: ceramic products, bone china products, reinforced glazed porcelain, reinforced porcelain, white porcelain, crystal, glass, etc

tableware category

● ceramic products are mainly made of clay, with brown or gray color, thick and loose texture, easy to damage, but rich in historical and cultural heritage. Main products: Chinese and Japanese teapots or tea sets; Suitable for people: like tea, or pay attention to taste life; Market price: large span

● bone china products are called bone china only when they contain at least 30% tricalcium phosphate from animal bones and the finished products have light transmittance according to the bone china standard set by the UK

Bone China has a high texture. Compared with ordinary traditional porcelain, Bone China has good light transmittance and can present an elegant, bright and clean texture like jade. In addition, Bone China has high plasticity, which can make the glaze smooth, colorful and moving, hard and durable. Main supplies: complete sets of bone china tableware, bone china mugs; Suitable for people: the complete set of bone china tableware is most suitable for family reunion and family drinking. It can also be used as a gift for relatives and friends' wedding and housewarming; Market price: the complete set of bone china tableware belongs to high-grade tableware, and the general price is high

● it is made of reinforced glazed porcelain kaolin mixed with silica. After being strengthened at a high temperature of more than 1250 degrees, it is not easy to be damaged, hard and light. It has the dual characteristics of reinforced glass and reinforced porcelain. Main products: coffee cup; Suitable for: suitable for young people; Market price: the market price is generally high

● reinforced porcelain contains magnesium, which has the characteristics of high strength, acid and alkali resistance, lead-free toxicity, and not easy to damage. Main supplies: General tableware; Suitable for people: it is an ideal article for all kinds of families. Market price: relatively moderate

● white porcelain, which is also fired at high temperature, is the most common porcelain, which is relatively easy to be damaged. Main supplies: general household tableware, such as mugs; Suitable for: ordinary families. Market price: low

● crystal products crystal is a silicon oxide compound, which contains lead oxide, potassium carbonate, potassium nitrate, arsenic, etc., and is produced by different manufacturers or with different formulas

crystal products are relatively easy to break. Main supplies: high-end decorative art, wine vessels, fruit plates, etc; Suitable for people: those with higher living standards; Market price: usually high

● glass products glass products are also silicon oxide composites. Although they are not as radiant as crystal products, they are also clear and natural. Glass products are as fragile as crystal. Main supplies: various cups or vases, etc; Suitable for: general families; Market price: relatively cheap

● heat resistant glass products heat resistant glass products are added with heat-resistant materials on the basis of glass products. Main supplies: flower tea pots, etc; Suitable for: general families; Market price: medium grade

purchase points

● crystal (glass) crystal and glass are very similar, how to distinguish

first, visual discrimination. First, check whether there is a logo. Usually, crystal products will be marked with 24% PbO, that is, lead oxide composition; Then look under the strong light to see if it reflects colorful light. The crystal has the characteristics of colorless transparency and large refractive index, which is not available in general glass products

second, tactile discrimination. If you can't confirm it visually, you can pick up the product and weigh it. Because the crystal contains lead oxide, its weight is heavier than that of glass; If it is a cup, you can clamp the rim of the cup with your fingernails and pull it outward. If you hear a crisp Dangdang echo, it can be proved to be a crystal product

● the texture of ceramics is not as delicate as that of other porcelain, but it also makes ceramics popular with many designers and craftsmen. It is used to express leisure style or traditional cultural charm

so the key point of selection is to see whether its utensils are out of shape, and then whether the painting process is fine

● white porcelain is actually unadorned porcelain

selection of reinforced porcelain: it mainly depends on whether the utensils are deformed; Bone China purchase: one weigh, two look, three listen, four lift. One is to weigh the weight in your hand to see if it is moderate; Second, it refers to its surface, whether the glaze is like a mirror, high gloss, whether the color is soft, has the feeling of jade, and whether the picture color is bright; Third, listening means that if you tap with a hard object, listen to whether it has a clear sound like gold and stone; The fourth is to raise the porcelain to the light source to see its semi transparency. Good bone china has a high translucency

it should be reminded that because ceramics contain lead, poor tableware will cause harm to human body after long-term use. Therefore, in addition to not being greedy for cheap, you should not buy it on the roadside or at the stall. In the normal use process, there are also some places that must be paid attention to:

before the newly purchased tableware is used, it can be soaked in edible vinegar to dissolve most of the lead; In the process of use, do not use colored ceramic tableware to contain acidic food, so as to avoid chemical reactions; It is forbidden to put utensils with metal decorative lines and pattern colors into microwave ovens for use; When washing, add detergent with warm water, wipe it with sponge or soft cloth, then clean it with water, and then wipe it with a soft towel. Do not brush it with a rough brush or cleaning cloth to avoid damaging the glaze of tableware and generating scratches

maintenance methods

● crystal products decorative crystals will not change color due to long-term exposure to the sun or placed under the light, so as long as you gently pat the dust on them with a chicken feather duster or wipe them with a soft cloth stained with a little detergent every once in a while

the crystal used should first avoid suddenly changing its temperature difference to avoid cracking; The crystal is hard but fragile, so try not to bump it hard; When cleaning, first use warm water to add a little detergent to wash away the stains, then rinse with clean water, and stand upside down on a dry cloth

● porcelain products should be cleaned by hand or by dishwasher on weekdays to avoid fading of gold edges and designs; When it is difficult to clean, add a little vinegar and then clean it. A little vinegar on Phnom Penh will make it as bright as new. If the product itself is said to be dedicated to the microwave oven without a logo, do not place it in the oven; Tableware with metal patterns, such as gold edges and silver edges, cannot be put into the microwave oven

tips

1. For tableware that you don't trust, soak it in vinegar for a few hours. If you find that there is a significant change in color, you should discard it

2. Pay special attention to tableware that can wipe away patterns by hand. This kind of tableware has a very high dissolution of lead and cadmium

3. Pay attention to whether the pattern color is bright when purchasing. If it is not bright, the temperature may not meet the requirements when baking flowers. The lead and cadmium dissolution of such tableware is often high

4. Vessels used to contain acidic food should try to choose products with less decorative patterns on the surface

5. When choosing porcelain utensils for microwave ovens, products with metal decoration should be avoided, such as products with gold edges, silver edges or inlaid patterns with gold paper and metal wires

6. For products washed by dishwasher, products with thick edges and reinforced edges such as circular arc should be selected, because these products are not easy to be damaged in the washing process

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