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Difficulties and solutions of domestic instruments

Guide: at present, China's economy is in a period of deceleration and shifting 18 Software and user interface: test uses software in both Chinese and English, On the one hand, the downward pressure on the economy has further increased. On the other hand, it is also a critical period for industrial upgrading and sustainable economic development. In this case, what challenges will the domestic scientific instrument industry face? How will we find a new way

the self equipping level of scientific instruments is one of the important symbols of national independent innovation ability. However, for a long time, there has been a trade deficit between domestic instruments and imported instruments, and domestic instruments have been discriminated against repeatedly in government procurement. At present, China's economy is in a period of deceleration and shifting. On the one hand, the downward pressure on the economy is further increased. On the other hand, it is also a critical period for industrial upgrading and the realization of sustainable economic development. In this case, what challenges will the domestic scientific instrument industry face? How will we find a new way

domestic scientific instruments were excluded Yan zengxu, senior consultant of China Instrument and meter industry association, analyzed that in 2015, the development of the instrument and meter industry had an adjustment in the process of national economic development. Although it was not as sensitive as other equipment industries to the market, the whole industry obviously felt the downward pressure

for a long time, there has been a trade deficit between domestic instruments and imported instruments. From 2012 to 2014, the deficit was US $17billion, US $16.6 billion and US $17.7 billion respectively

the price of domestic instruments is cheaper than that of imported instruments, which is more cost-effective, but domestic instruments are prone to problems after a period of use. Therefore, we would rather spend more money on imported instruments. A researcher engaged in material research said so. In fact, this is the common feeling of many Chinese researchers

China Association for science and technology once conducted an investigation on domestic and imported instruments. Technically, most of the existing domestic medium and low-grade products can replace imported products, but the reliability index (mean time between failures) of high-grade products is l~2 orders of magnitude different from that of foreign products. In terms of measurement accuracy, the difference between domestic products and foreign products is generally 1 order of magnitude

in 2011, the Ministry of science and technology and the Ministry of Finance jointly set up a national major scientific instrument and equipment development project in order to work with customers to improve the independent innovation ability and self equipment level of China's scientific instruments and equipment, and provide economic and technological support for scientific and technological innovation, economic and social development and national security

in recent years, although the gap between domestic scientific instruments and foreign products in terms of price, quality and performance has been narrowing, technological progress has not brought about corresponding sales growth. Homogeneous competition, exclusion of bidding, foreign technical barriers and other factors cause the current domestic scientific instruments still in an awkward situation

liyueguang, the full-time vice president of China instrumentation industry association, believes that in the next few years, China's testing institutions, industrial projects, major science and technology projects, and new drug development will also purchase a large number of imported instruments. If these detection data, process parameters and other information are mastered by foreign countries, it will be detrimental to China's information security

China's scientific instrument industry urgently needs to be improved

at the recently held 10th Annual Conference on the development of China's scientific instruments, wuxueti, deputy director of the Department of resource allocation and management of the Ministry of science and technology, analyzed the development status of China's scientific instruments and equipment

the contribution of China's scientific instrument industry to the world is not commensurate with China's status as a big country. In particular, there are few original scientific instruments in China, and more than 90% of high-end scientific instruments basically rely on imports. The contribution of China's scientific instrument industry to the world's scientific and technological development does not meet the requirements of our country as an economic power and an innovative country, which needs to be improved. This is a basic judgment

according to wuxueti, China is in a period of rapid development, and the development of economy, society and science and technology urgently needs scientific instruments. In terms of supporting economic development, many strategies and outlines for the development of scientific instruments are being implemented

during the 12th Five Year Plan period, 208 national major scientific instrument and equipment development projects were approved, with a total investment of about 12billion yuan. Remarkable achievements have been made in exploring reform and innovation, strengthening the transformation of achievements, and promoting enterprises to become innovative entities. Wuxueti said

in terms of project organization, the special project adheres to respecting the independent decision-making of enterprises and supports enterprises to become the main body of project implementation. The instrument development project is more implemented under the leadership of enterprises, and joint production, study, research and application units jointly organize 3. The utilization of composite polyurethane adhesive. The enterprise led projects were only 25% in 2011, 65% in 2012 and 87% in 2013. In the 2016 special guidelines for Instrument Development released this year, all but one of them require enterprises to take the lead in implementation. For non enterprise led projects, enterprises and application units are required to participate in R & D to lay a foundation for the industrialization of instrument development achievements. Wuxueti said

in terms of project management, a third-party review mechanism has been established, with equal emphasis on technical and non-technical reviews. The technical review entrusts the Chinese Academy of engineering to independently carry out the third-party review. The non-technical review focuses on the qualification and ability of the leading enterprise, the engineering and industrialization of the project, intellectual property rights and benefit distribution mechanism. In terms of funding support, explore ways to implement back-end funding and flexible allocation. The former aims to enhance the market awareness and risk awareness of enterprises, and adopt the method of back-end funding for projects led by enterprises. The R & D expenditure in the first half of the project is mainly financed by the undertaking unit. After the evaluation, if it is necessary to continue to make national funding to keep up with the latter half of the project. Wuxueti said that this will help to improve the efficiency of the use of funds, and implement a flexible allocation method based on the progress of task implementation and actual needs

in December, 2014, the State Council issued the plan on deepening the management reform of the central government's science and technology plans (special projects, funds, etc.), which involves two aspects: one is to require the central government to build an open and unified science and technology management platform for the plan management; the other is to optimize and integrate the existing nearly 100 special funds for the central government's science and technology plans

embark on the road of innovation

today, facing the good opportunity of mass entrepreneurship and innovation, the scientific instrument industry is also thinking and taking action

in the capital market, the most striking thing is the acquisition of foreign-funded enterprises by Chinese scientific instrument enterprises. Since 2009, Chinese instrument enterprises have acquired more than ten foreign enterprises in total. Domestic scientific instrument enterprises have gradually begun to compete with foreign enterprises in the positive market. In 2015, domestic scientific instrument enterprises significantly accelerated their M & A of foreign enterprises, and some changes have taken place in the direction of M & A, which is reflected in the pursuit of global leading core technology. Industry insiders believe that some enterprises have gradually gained technological and market advantages over the years. Recently, the quality of several acquisitions has begun to rise, and the goal has shifted to using foreign advanced technology to achieve their own goals

on the other hand, with the improvement of market demand and the progress of related technologies, various scientific instruments have jumped out of the traditional application scope of scientific experiments, developed rapidly in the new direction of, field application and automatic 5, analysis, results and report detection, and combined with computer software and hardware systems to form a more precise, accurate, fast, telemetry and pollution-free modern measurement and control new technology, The scientific instrument industry began to be reborn. Miniaturization, networking and intelligentization have become the development direction of scientific instruments that can not be ignored

food safety detector, enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), fried oil quality detector, heavy metal detector, soil moisture detector and other detection instruments have been widely used in daily life, and even some of them have directly entered the home, such as intelligent ultrasonic system

insiders believe that for China's scientific instrument industry, the combination with people's livelihood is actually a good development direction. Enterprises should seize the opportunity, strengthen research and development, and actively expand the market, so as to change the current situation of the leading market of imported scientific instruments

during the 13th Five Year Plan period, the development of China's scientific instrument industry will also follow the guiding ideas of the reform plan and further explore a road suitable for China's current development characteristics. Wuxueti said finally

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